I. Models of Sanctification among Evangelicals  

A. The Wesleyan View of Sanctification

B. The Keswick View of Sanctification

C. The Pentecostal (Assemblies of God) View of Sanctification

D. The Chaferian View of Sanctification

E. The Reformed View of Sanctification

II. Definition

Sanctification is the gracious operation of the Holy Spirit, involving our responsible participation, by which He delivers us as justified sinners from the pollution of sin, renews our entire nature according to the image of God, and enables us to live lives that are pleasing to Him (A. Hoekema).

III. Principles from the New Testament about sanctification

We should note several important points in this understanding of sanctification:

1. Sanctification begins at the moment of conversion with the creation of “a new heart and a new spirit” (2 Cor 3:16-18; Rom 1:7; 1 Cor 1:2; etc.).

2. Sanctification is a mutual work between God and the believer (Phil 2:12-13; cf. Rom 8:29; 2 Cor 3:18).

3. The essence of sanctification is that the dominion of the whole body of sin is destroyed (Rom 6:5-8; 12-14, 18, 22).

4. Sanctification is a process in which the “different lusts of the body of sin are increasingly weakened and mortified” and believers  are being renewed of their nature–that is, it brings about a change of direction rather than a change in substance (Rom 6:19, 24; 7:24).

5. Present sanctification means that the sinful tendencies in the believer are gradually being mitigated—“different lusts of the body of sin are increasingly weakened”—and righteous tendencies are gradually being “strengthened” so that “the regenerate part [gradually] overcomes” (2 Cor 3:16-18).

6. Sanctification remains imperfect in this life so that within all believers there arises a continuous war between irreconcilable parties—”the flesh lusting against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh” (Gal 5:16-26).

7. Sanctification is not automatic in the life of the believer, but it is inevitable since “although the remaining corruption for a time may greatly prevail, yet through the continual supply of strength from the sanctifying Spirit of Christ, the regenerate part overcomes” (Rom 8:1ff.; Gal 5:16-26; Phil 1:6).

8. The pattern of sanctification is likeness to God/Christ. Since Christ is the perfect image of God (2 Cor 4:4; Col 1;15; John 14:8-9; Heb 1:3).