ANCIENT   CHURCH HISTORY 5 B.C. – A.D. 590

A.D. 30 The Jerusalem Church was   established out of 120 people In chapter 2 the church was   established Acts 1-12
34 Paul’s conversion Paul was going to Damascus   to persecute the church and Christ appeared to him Acts 9
47-64 Paul’s Missionary Journeys Paul started in Turkey   (Galatia) and continued his mission work until Spain (Acts 13-28; Romans   15:14ff. especially v. 24)
313 Emperor Constantine I   Legalize Christianity

375 – 1066   DARK AGES

380 Christianity became the   state religion of the Roman Empire This move decreased   persecution of Christians yet it brought many negative aspects to the church
527-565 Pentarchy (from Greek pente, five, and arche, rule) is a term in the history of Christianity for the   idea of universal rule over all Christendom by the heads of five major   episcopal sees, or patriarchates, of the Roman Empire: Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem. The   idea came about due to the political and ecclesiastical prominence of these   five sees, but the concept of their universal and exclusive authority was   firmly tied to the administrative structure of the Roman Empire. The idea of   the pentarchy was first tangibly expressed in the laws of Emperor Justinian I   (527-565), particularly in Novella 131. After the destruction of the western Roman Empire,   the church in the West was a major factor in the preservation of classical   civilization, establishing monasteries, and sending missionaries to convert   the peoples of northern Europe, as far as Ireland in the north.

MEDIEVAL   CHURCH HISOTYR 590-1517

570 Muhammad [PBUH] was born in the   Arabian city of Mecca; he was orphaned at an early age and brought up under   the care of his uncle Abu Talib.
613 Muhammad [PBUH] started to preach these revelations publicly
622 The Pilgrimage (Hijra) To escape persecution, Muhammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia before he and his remaining followers in Mecca migrated to Medina (then known as Yathrib)
630 Muhammad [PBUH] conquered Mecca (his followers grown to   10,000 followers)
632 Muhammad [PBUH] fell ill and died. By the time of his death   most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam, and he had united the   tribes of Arabia into a single Muslim religious polity
650-750 The followers of Muhammad invaded all of the Middle East, Africa and they devastated three of the five   Patriarchal sees (or Popes)
8th-13th century The whole period of the next five centuries was dominated by the struggle between Christianity and   Islam throughout the Mediterranean Basin. The battles of Poitiers, and   Toulouse preserved the Catholic west, even though Rome itself was ravaged in   850, and Constantinople besieged. Constantinople was located in Turkey.
1054 The East–West Schism of 1054, sometimes known as the Great Schism, formally divided the State church   of the Roman Empire into Eastern (Greek) and Western (Latin) branches, which   later became known as the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic   Church, respectively. Relations between East and West had long been   embittered by political and ecclesiastical differences and theological   disputes. Prominent among these were the issues of “filioque”,   whether leavened or unleavened bread should be used in the Eucharist, the   Pope’s claim to universal jurisdiction, and the place of Constantinople in   relation to the Pentarchy The division between the   Western and Eastern church
1095 The Crusades  were a series of religiously sanctioned military campaigns, called by the Pope and with the main goal of restoring Christian control of the Holy Land. The crusaders came from all over Western Europe. The main series of Crusades occurred between 1095 and 1291; historians have given them numbers, later   unnumbered crusades were also taken up for a variety of reasons. The Crusades were fought   mainly by Roman Catholics against Muslims, though some campaigns were diverted to fight Greek Orthodox Christians in Byzantium. Later campaigns were waged against pagan Slavs, pagan Balts, Mongols, and Christian heretics.   Orthodox Christians also took part in fighting against Islamic forces in some   Crusades. Crusaders took vows and were granted a plenary indulgence by the   pope.

MODERN   CHURCH HISTORY 1517 AND AFTER

1483-1546 Martin Luther was a German priest and   professor of theology who initiated the Protestant Reformation. He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from   God’s punishment of sin could be purchased with money. He confronted   indulgence salesman Johann Tetzel with his Ninety-Five Theses in 1517. His refusal to retract all   of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman   Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his   excommunication by the pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the emperor.
1509-1564 John Calvin was an   influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation.   He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian   theology later called Calvinism.
1517 The most common dating   begins in 1517 when Luther published The   Ninety-Five Theses, and concludes in 1648 with the Treaty of Westphalia that ended years of European religious wars.
1847-1865 The most popular   translation is the Van Dyck Version, funded by the Syrian Mission and the   American Bible Society. The project was the brainchild of Eli Smith, and   started around 1847, centered in Beirut. After Eli Smith’s death it was   completed under the direction of Cornelius Van Allen Van Dyck. Others   involved included Nasif al Yaziji, Boutros al Bustani, and Yusuf al-Asir.[1] The New Testament was   completed on March 9, 1860, followed by the Old Testament on March 10, 1865.   The original manuscript is preserved in the Near East School of Theology   Library in Beirut. About 10 million copies of this version have been   distributed since 1865. It has been accepted by the Coptic Church and the   Protestant churches. This translation was based mostly on the same Textus Receptus as the King James   Version of the Bible, and follows a more literal style of translation.
1865 June 3, 1865, Dr. Van Dyck   proceeded to New York, in accordance with arrangements made with the American   Bible Society, and superintended the making of a set of electrotype plates of   the entire Arabic Bible in large type 8 volumes, and of the vowelled New   Testament. Two years later he returned to Beirut with Mr. Samuel Hallock, an   electrotyper, and superintendedelectrotyping the vowelled   Old Testament 8 volumes, and editions of the entire Bible and of the New   Testament. The American Bible Society furnished the British and Foreign Bible   Society with a duplicate set of plates of the Bible and New Testament made in   New York and also of the vowelled Old Testament made in Beirut. Thus was the Arabic Bible   completed In a short time ten editions, containing forty thousand copies, had   been printed.
1930 Roy & Dora Whitman: Roy came to Jordan in 1925, and in 1930 began his   work in the previously unevangelized city of Amman. Roy and Dora Whitman   helped establish basically every group of evangelical believers currently   ministering in Jordan.[2] British missionaries: For   61 years they faithfully labored for the Lord not only in Jordan but in   other, neighboring, Arab countries, encouraging and strengthening Arab   believers.
1960 Dr. George E. Kelsey   founded the Kelsey Arabic Program in 1964 in order to meet the linguistic   needs of church workers coming to the Middle East.[3] American missionaries
1951 Southern Baptist Churches:   Southern Baptists had a direct hand in establishing seven of the first Baptist churches in Jordan, who in turn planted the other 13 churches that   now make up the Baptist convention. The Baptist School Sept,   1st 1974 the school was dedicated.The Baptist Ajloun SchoolJordan Baptist Convention –   (president Nabeeh Abbassi 2006)
1970s Protestant Denominations in Jordan:

  •   Christian Missionary Alliance

There are seven churches of C&MA.

President: Habas Al-Namat (as of 2011)

  •   Free   Evangelical Church
  •   Nazarene Church
  •   Pentecostal   Church (Church of God)
  •   Non-denominational

New Testament Church

Gahsan E. Haddad (2001)[4]

Compass Bible Church in Jandaweel Issa & Abi Haddad (2012)

1991 Jordan   Evangelical Theological Seminary (Jets)President:   Imad ShehadehB.A., Pre-Medicine Biology and Mathematics (1974-1977) University of California San DiegoTh.D., Old Testament & Bible Exposition (1982-1990) Dallas Theological Seminary

Ph.D., Middle East (2005-2010) The University of Edinburgh.[5]

Since 1991, Dr. Imad Shehadeh has served as Founder, President, and   Professor of Theology at Jordan Evangelical Theological Seminary (JETS). The   Jordanian government register the seminary on March 23, 1995.[6]His wife name Julia.

[1]Bible Translations Into Arabic, Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bible_translations_into_Arabic, 8-31-2011.

[2]Whitman Academy website: http://whitmanacademy.org/about/.

[3]Kelsy Arabic Program website: http://kelseyarabicprogram.org/about-us/history/, 8-29-2011.

[4]Our History page: http://www.ntcjordan.org/CHuHis.asp, 8-30-2011.

[5]Comeandsee, Imad Shehady: The man behind JETS: http://www.comeandsee.com/view.php?sid=526, 8-31-2011.

[6]Bethlehem Bible College, Christ at the Checkpoint: Hope in the midst of conflict: http://www.christatthecheckpoint.com/index.php/speakers/44-imad-shihada-, 8-30-2011.

Advertisements